What is gluten, gluten sensivity and celiac disease?

The market for gluten-free foods is skyrocketing. It is estimated that by 2020, the market will to be valued at 7.59 billion U.S. dollars. In 2015 sales amounted to about 2.79 billion U.S. dollars. Why is there such a surge in gluten free products?

Is it related to the rise of celiac disease. It's not clear whether doctors are looking for it more often, and therefore finding more cases. But research from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., suggests that the disease is four times more common today than it was in the 1950s. Currently 1 out of 100 or 1% of the population suffers from celiac disease and larger percentages from gluten sensitivity although there does not be a clear consensus on how many people are NCGS (non-celiac gluten sensitivity). What complicates matter is gluten may not be the only substance in wheat which people are sensitive to.

What is Gluten and how to identify it? What is the molecular structure of gluten?   

Gluten is a protein found in wheat. What part of the wheat grain is it located? How can you identify foods that contain gluten? ... read more. 

What are the genes in the Human Genome responsible for Celiac Disease?    

There are two genes that are responsible for Celiac disease although other genes and environmental factors play a role in those that get the disease, since as many as 30-40% of the population may have the gene(s) but not show symptoms... read more.

Why is an immune response triggered against gluten in some individuals?

How does gluten cause celiac disease? What is the mechanism behind the immune response?... read more

What is the difference between celiac disease and gluten sensitivity?

Only 1% percent of the population has true Celiac disease. Many more have what is know as gluten sensitivity What is the difference between the two, and how can you tell which one you have... read more. Is gluten the only substance in wheat people are sensitive to? ... read more.

What are the ongoing Clinical Trials for Celiac Disease

There is still a lot that is not understood about how gluten affect humans... many clinical trials are underway... read more 

What are lectins -why are they toxic and cause illness?

Both plants and animals contain lectins. What are they and why can they be very toxic to our bodies. Why do beans have to be soaked and properly cooked? What is the role of lectins in autoimmune disease? ...read more

Role of Lectins in Inflammation

Although gluten has been in the limelight for sometime, many people may not realize that other lectins may be causing digestive issues for them... read more